50 Interesting Facts about India Country

There are unique or Interesting facts about the geography and people of India. “India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.” Do you think you know everything there is to know about India? Think again! Check out these 100 facts about India, you may have never heard.

FACT#1. India, for the past 100,000 years, has never invaded another country.
FACT#2. The Harappan culture, established over 5000 years ago in the Sindhu Valley, marked one of the world’s earliest civilizations.
FACT#3. The name ‘India’ originates from the River Indus, and ‘Hindustan’ combines Sindhu and Hindu, reflecting the land of the Hindus.
FACT#4. Chess, algebra, trigonometry, and calculus find their roots in India.
FACT#5. The Brihadeswara Temple in Tamil Nadu is the world’s first granite temple, built in just five years during the 11th century.
FACT#6. India is the largest democracy, the 7th largest country, and one of the oldest civilizations globally.
FACT#7. Snakes & Ladders, created by the 13th-century poet saint Gyandev, conveys moral lessons through virtues and vices.
FACT#8. Chail, Himachal Pradesh, hosts the world’s highest cricket ground at 2444 meters above sea level.
FACT#9. India has the largest number of post offices globally, and Indian Railways is the largest employer, with over a million people.
FACT#10. The world’s first university, established in Takshila in 700 BC, showcased India’s early achievements in education.
FACT#11. Ayurveda, the ancient school of medicine, was consolidated by Charaka 2500 years ago.
FACT#12. India was among the richest countries until British rule in the early 17th century.
FACT#13. The art of navigation and the word ‘navy’ find their origins in ancient India.
FACT#14. Bhaskaracharya calculated Earth’s orbit time before astronomers like Smart.
FACT#15. Indian mathematician Budhayana first calculated the value of “pi” in the 6th century.
FACT#16. India was the sole source of diamonds globally until 1896.
FACT#17. The Baily Bridge, built by the Indian Army in 1982, is the highest bridge globally.
FACT#18. Sushruta, regarded as the Father of Surgery, conducted advanced surgeries over 2600 years ago.
FACT#19. India exports software to 90 countries, and the four religions born in India are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
FACT#20. The oldest European church and synagogue in India date back to 1503 and 1568, respectively.
FACT#21. Sikhism originated in Amritsar in 1577.
FACT#22. Varanasi, the world’s oldest continuously inhabited city, welcomed Lord Buddha in 500 B.C.
FACT#23. India provides refuge for over 300,000 refugees from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.
FACT#24. The Dalai Lama leads Tibetan Buddhists from Dharmashala in northern India.
Martial arts originated in India and spread to Asia through Buddhist missionaries.
FACT#25. Yoga, with over 5000 years of history, finds its origins in India.

FACT#26. India has not attacked any country before in its ten thousand-year history, while it is the largest importer of weapons.

FACT#27. India is the only country where M.R.P. has written anything.

FACT#28. Indian Railways is the largest organization in the world in terms of the workforce and employs more than 16 lakh employees, which is more than the population of many countries.

FACT#29. Srikanth Jichkar is the most educated person in India. He had 20 degrees, including I.A.S., I.P.S., lawyers, and doctors, and also became M.L.A. at 25. He died in 2004.

FACT#30. The lotus flower is the national flower of India as well as Vietnam.

FACT#31. More than 10 crore people had come to the Kumbh Mela to be held in India, which is the largest population gathered to date. This crowd was so much that it was also visible from space.

FACT#32. Kodinhi village in Kerala state, India, has more than 200 twins in 2000 households. Nobody knows the reason for this.

FACT#33. Only 1 out of 100 marriages in India get a divorce, the lowest in the world.

FACT#34.¬†The¬†Baily Bridge,¬†the world’s highest bridge, is located in Ladakh, India. It had built-in 1982 by the Indian Army on the river Dras and Suru.

FACT#35. India has the lowest meat consumption per person in the world.

FACT#36.¬†Brihadeeswarar Temple¬†in Tanjore, Tamilnadu, is the first such temple in the world that is entirely made of granite. It was built in the early 11th century by the Chola ruler ‘Pratham Rajaraja Chola.’ This temple has also been declared a World Heritage by UNESCO.

FACT#37. India has the largest post office in any country in the world. 1,54,882 Post Office.

FACT#38.¬†Chail Cricket Ground¬†is a cricket ground located in¬†Chail,¬†Himachal Pradesh. The ground was established in¬†1893¬†by¬†Bhupinder Singh Maharaja¬†of Patiala, who owned a¬†summer retreat¬†in¬†Chail. At that time, the¬†ground was¬†developed. The ground is located at 2444 meters above sea level, making it the world’s highest cricket ground.

FACT#39. Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds, and even today, 11 of every 12 diamonds sold worldwide are cut and polished in India.

FACT#40. It is a legal offense for foreigners to take Indian currency out of India.

FACT#41. The world produces 22 thousand tonnes of mint oil, of which 19 thousand tonnes are produced in India alone.

FACT#42. The most prominent family living in the world is in Mizoram, India: The family consists of 180 people, including 34 wives, 94 children, 14 daughters-in-law, and 33 grandchildren.

FACT#43. Polling booths are set up for Mahant Bharatdas Darshan Das, a lonely person, in the Gir forests of Gujarat, India. Per electoral rules, no person can walk away from 2 km to cast votes.

FACT#44.¬†The rainiest place in the world is a village called ‘Mawsynram,’ located in Meghalaya, India. This village, 15 km from Cherrapunji, receives an average of 11,872 mm of rainfall yearly, which is also the wettest place on earth. But according to the Guinness Book of World Records, the highest rainfall to date in any one year has been recorded in Cherrapunji, Meghalaya itself. It received 26,467 mm of rainfall in 1861.

FACT#45. India has won all six Kabaddi World Cups so far.

FACT#46. Switzerland has declared May 26 as Science Day in honor of visiting former President, Late Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.

FACT#47.¬†India’s first rocket was so small and light that it was carried on a bicycle to the Thumba launching station in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

FACT#48. India has the largest postal network, where there are 1,55,015 post offices. A single post office is ready to help about 7,175 people. The post office of Dal Lake in Srinagar is also included in such a post office in the country. It is a floating post office and started in the year 2011.

FACT#49. The Bandra-Worli marine joint has steel equal to the diameter of the earth. It took 2,57,00,000 person-hours to build this bridge, and its total weight equals 50,000 African elephants. It is a unique piece of human art.

FACT#50. You may have been a little surprised to know this fact because earlier, people believed in washing hair from clay, but the word shampoo derives from the Sanskrit language Champu. Champu refers to massage.

FACT#51.¬†This is the matter of September 2009. Chandrayaan, India’s satellite, first discovered water on the moon’s surface with the help of the moon’s mineralogy mapper.

FACT#52. Elephants are also religiously recognized in India. Here people see him with great respect. There are many places in Kerala where elephants bathe with people.

FACT#53. India has the second-highest number of English speakers in the world. Now call it the influence of the British or better jobs available on speaking English, but in the case of English speakers, India comes second after America.

FACT#54. When many cultures were nomadic forest dwellers 5000 years ago, Indians established the Harappan culture in the Indus Valley Civilization.

FACT#55.¬†The name ‘India’ in English is derived from the river Indus, around which the early civilizations lived in the valley. The Aryan worshippers have termed this Indus River Sindhu.

FACT#56.¬†The invaders from Iran used the Sindhu as a Hindu. The name ‘Hindustan’ is a combination of the Indus river, and Hinduism refers to the land of Hindus. Chess was discovered in India.

FACT#57.¬†The study of mathematics, trigonometry, and calculus started in India itself. The ‘place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in India in 100 BC.

FACT#58. India is the largest democracy, the seventh-largest country in the world, and one of the ancient civilizations.

FACT#59. The snake ladder game was created by poet-saint Gyandev in the thirteenth century and was initially called Mokshapat. In this game, the staircase represented boons, while snakes represented demerits. The game was played with caudals and dice. Later, many changes were made in this game, but its meaning remained the same: good deeds lead people to heaven, while evil deeds put them in the cycle of birth again.

FACT#60. The first university in the world was established at Taxila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from more than 60 subjects came worldwide to study. Nalanda University was established in the fourth century, one of the most outstanding achievements of ancient India in education.

FACT#61. Ayurveda is the earliest medical branch known to humankind. Charaka, considered the father of Ayurveda science, consolidated 2500 years ago.

FACT#62.¬†India was the wealthiest country until British rule in the early 17th century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India’s wealth, searched for a sea route to India and accidentally discovered America.

FACT#63.¬†The art of shipping was born 6000 years ago in the Sindhu River. The first nautical culture in the world originated at a new pace. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word¬†“nou.”

FACT#64. Bhaskaracharya calculated the exact time the earth took to circle the Sun several hundred years before astronomy. According to their calculations, the earth takes 365.258756484 days to orbit the Sun.

FACT#65.¬†The value of ‘pie’ was known by the Indian mathematician Budhayana, and the concept that he explained gave him the Pythagoras theorem. He discovered it in the sixth century, long before European mathematicians.

FACT#66. The quadratic equation had used by Sri Dharacharya in the 11th century. The most significant number used by the Greeks and Romans was 106, while the Hindus used specific names with numbers as large as 10 * 53 (i.e., 10 to 53) during 5000 B.C. The most significant number still used today is Terra: 10 * 12 (10 to the power of 12).

FACT#67. Sushruta is considered the father of surgery. About 2600 years ago, Sushruta and his colleagues performed cataracts, prostheses, prostate labor, fractures, bladder stones, plastic surgery, and brain surgery.

FACT#68. The use of anesthesia was well-known in ancient Indian medical science. The disciplines of physiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics, and immunology were also found in ancient Indian texts.

FACT#69. The software is exported from India to 90 countries.

There were 4 religions born in India – Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, and Sikh- which comprise 25 percent of the world’s population.

FACT#70. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 BC and 500 BC, respectively.

FACT#71. Islam is the second-largest religion in India and also in the world.

FACT#72. There are 300,000 mosques in India, more than in any other country and even more in Muslim countries.

FACT#73. The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in Cochin and were built in 1503 and 1568, respectively.

FACT#74. Jews and Christians have lived in India since 200 BC and 52 A.D.

FACT#75. The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat. This is the Hindu temple built in Cambodia during the 11th century and built in Tirupati city.

FACT#76. Ancient Culture: Indian culture dates back 4,500 years, making it one of the world’s oldest.
FACT#77. Religious Diversity: Hinduism and Buddhism originated in India, but the country embraces a multitude of religions, including Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, and more.
FACT#77. Religious Demographics: Approximately 84% of India’s population identifies as Hindu.
FACT#78. Architectural Marvel: The Taj Mahal in Agra is recognized as one of the seven wonders of the world.
FACT#79. Rich Dance Heritage: India boasts diverse dance forms like Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Odissi, and Manipuri.
FACT#80. Varied Clothing Styles: Each state contributes to India’s diverse clothing styles, from sarees and lehengas to lungis and kurtas.
FACT#81. Linguistic Diversity: India recognizes 22 official languages.
FACT#82. Magnificent Temple: The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Tamil Nadu spans 156 acres, making it the largest in India.
FACT#83. Indus Valley Civilization: The ancient Indus Valley Civilization predates over 8,000 years.
FACT#84. Buddhist Legacy: India was a central hub for Buddhism, and Emperor Ashoka played a key role in spreading it globally, particularly in Southeast Asia.

FACT#85. Mathematical Pioneers: India’s mathematical legacy includes the invention of algebra, calculus, and trigonometry, with Aryabhata introducing the concept of zero.
FACT#86. Chess Origin: The game of chess originated in India, showcasing its cultural influence.
FACT#87. Peaceful History: India has a history marked by peace, with no record of invading any other country.
FACT#88. Ancient University: The University of Takshashila, established in 700 B.C., stands as the world’s first university.
FACT#85. Sanskrit Influence: Sanskrit, the oldest and richest language, has influenced many European languages.
FACT#86. Decimal System: India introduced the decimal system in 100 B.C., revolutionizing numerical representation.
FACT#87. Pi Calculation: Baudhayana, an Indian genius, calculated the value of Pi.
FACT#88. Ayurveda Origins: Ayurveda, the first system of medicine, originated in India, emphasizing holistic health.
FACT#89. Historic Turnback: Alexander’s army retreated upon entering India, intimidated by the powerful Nanda empire.
FACT#90. Naval Victory: Marthanda Varma of Travancore achieved a decisive victory over the Dutch Navy in 1741.
FACT#91. Iron Pillar: The Iron Pillar of India, constructed by Chandragupta II, remains corrosion-resistant due to its unique metal composition.

FACT#92.Named after India, the Indian Ocean, also known as the Sindh Mahasagara in India, holds a prominent place in the world:

FACT#93. Vast Expanse: Covering about one-fifth of the Earth’s surface water, the Indian Ocean is a colossal water body.

FACT#94. Continental Connection: Connecting four continents ‚Äď Asia, Australia, Africa, and Antarctica, it acts as a vital link for 18 Asian countries, 16 in Africa, and approximately 56 islands and island groups.

FACT#95. River Contributions: The Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers contribute around 6,000km of river runoff to the Indian Ocean’s water volume.

FACT#96. Rich Ecosystem: The Indian Ocean is home to a diverse range of aquatic and marine life, including turtles, seals, and sea cows, fostering a vibrant ecosystem.

FACT#97. Pioneering Cataract Surgeries: In the 3rd century, the Indian physician Sushruta led groundbreaking cataract surgeries, marking early advancements in medical procedures.

FACT#98. Astronomical Insights: Ancient Indian astronomers, notably Aryabhata, proposed a heliocentric model centuries before Copernicus, showcasing India’s early contributions to astronomy.

FACT#99. Holistic Health Practices: Ancient medical treatises like Ayurveda originated in India, emphasizing holistic health practices and herbal remedies, contributing to the well-being of individuals.

FACT#100. Nobel Prize in Physics: In 1930, physicist C.V. Raman brought laurels to India by winning the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman Effect, a groundbreaking demonstration of light scattering.

Capital – New Delhi (New Delhi)

Total area – 3.3 lakh sq km (2.24 percent of the world and seventh place in the world)

Latitude – 6 ¬į 44 ‘and 35 ¬į 30’ North Latitude

Longitude – 68 ¬į 7 ‘and 97 ¬į 25’ East Longitude

Official language – Hindi

Total Recognized Languages – 22

Number of ports – 12

Islands strength – 204 in the Bay of Bengal and 43 in the Arabian Sea

States through which the Tropic of Cancer – Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram

Major Lakes – Bular, Chilka, Dal, Sambhar, Didbana, Hussain Sagar, Naini Ko Leru, Pulicat, Vembanad, Lunar, Naki

Total Coast Line – 7,516.6 km

Area covered by forest – 68 million ha

Population – (+) 1210193422

Male – 623.7 million

Female – 586.4 million

Population growth rate – 1.64 percent (during 2001-2011)

Density of population – 370.8 / km2

Sex Ratio – 940

Literacy Rate – 74.04%

Male – 82.14%

Female – 65.46%

State – 29 (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Karnataka, Kerala, Gujarat, Goa, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Nagaland, Punjab, West Bengal, Bihar, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh)

Union Territory – 7 (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep)

Largest State – Rajasthan

Small State – Goa

National Park – 102

Wildlife Sanctuary – 441

Largest city – Mumbai

Calling Code – 91

National Song – Vande Mataram

National anthem – Jana Gana Mana

Highest Point – Mount Godwin Austen, 28,251 feetNational Motto – Satyamev Jayate

Major soil – alluvial, black, red-yellow, laterite, desert, marshy

Currency – Indian Rupee

Time Zone – GMT + 05:30

Male – 65.8 years

Female – 68.1 years

Ethnic groups – Australoid, Mongol, Europaid, Caucasian, and Negroed

National Day – January 26 (Republic Day), August 15 (Independence Day), October 2 (Gandhi Jayanti, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi)

National Animal – Tiger

National Bird – Indian Peacock

National Flower – Lotus

National Aquatic Animal – River Dolphin

National tree – Banyan tree

National River – Ganges

National Heritage Animals – Elephants

National Fruit – Mango

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