35 Interesting Facts About Bacteria and Viruses
Interesting Facts about Bacteria and Virus. Viruses are smaller than bacteria and can’t survive without a living host. A virus attaches itself to cells and usually reprograms them to reproduce itself. Also, unlike bacteria, most viruses do cause disease. Some virus-caused diseases include the common cold, AIDS, herpes, and chickenpox. Do you think you know everything there is to know about Bacteria and Viruses? Think again! Check out some interesting facts about Bacteria and Viruses, you may have never heard.
20 Interesting Facts About Bacteria
FACT#1. Bacteria are considered to be the first living creature on the earth, it has been on earth for the past 3 billion years.
FACT#2. According to an estimate, there are approximately 5,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bacteria on Earth. 30 zero behind then 5.
FACT#3. There is no smell of sweat, but when it finds bacteria it starts to smell.
FACT#4. A bacteria was found in New Zealand on which no antibiotic that has been created so far has not worked in 2013.
FACT#5. NASA scientists have discovered a new bacteria at the ISS (International Space Station), named after the name of former President of India APJ Abdul Kalam. His name is “Kalami“.
FACT#6. When two people kiss each other then between one billion bacteria get the transfer.
FACT#7. Ashwani is a kind of sea-crazy crab whose blood sells up to 9 lakh rupees because it is the simplest thing to detect bacteria.
FACT#8. The strongest living organism on Earth is the bacteria “Gonorrhea” It can pull 1 million times more weight than its weight.
FACT#9. Many antibiotic drugs (antibiotics) are made from bacteria.
FACT#10. The number of bacteria is high and the number of humans is also high in those places.
FACT#11. Ganga’s river water is holy because the water of the Ganges contains some bacteria that destroyed germs in the water.
Fact#12. In our navel 1458 new types of bacteria have been found.
FACT#13. Some bacteria are also beneficial for us, as milk from curd is also caused by bacteria. Whose name is “Lactobacilli“
FACT#14. There can be bacteria from 1 thousand to 1 lakh on every tooth When your mouth is neat and clean.
FACT#15. Seven crore cases of food poisoning occur than two cases every second every year.
FACT#16. The total weight of all the bacteria present in our body is approximately 1.8 kg.
FACT#17. “Actinomycetes” the bacteria of the name are responsible for the aromas that arise in the rain.
FACT#18. The length of a bacteria is 0.5 to 5 micrometres. These rounds, rings, or rods can be of any size. (1 meter contains 10 million micrometres)
FACT#19. The number of bacteria in your mouth is more than the total human on earth.
FACT#20. There are 18 times more bacteria than the toilet seat on mobile phones, and keyboards have 200 times more bacteria compared to a toilet sheet and 400 times more on the office desk.
What is a Virus? and History
In the Latin language, the ‘Virus’ word means poison. Do you know that in the early nineteenth century this word was used for any substance causing toxic disease? But now the virus word is also used for pathogenic particles.
How to Works The Virus?
The virus is an infectious particle that exhibits the life and non-life characteristics. Viruses differ from plants, animals, and bacteria in structure and function. They are not cells and cannot replicate themselves. Viruses have to depend on the host for energy production, reproduction, and survival. However, viruses typically range only 20–400 nanometers. Viruses also cause many human diseases including influenza, chickenpox, and the common cold.
15 Interesting Facts About the Virus
Russian scientist “Ivanovsky” first reported in 1892 that virus particles are present in the extract of leaves of tobacco plants suffering from the mosaic disease. Most viruses are so small that it is impossible to see them even with a combined microscope. Let us study some interesting facts about the virus through this article.
FACT#1 Do you know that the smallest virus is the Tobacco necrosis virus, which is about 17 nm in magnitude? In contrast, the largest animal virus is the Potato fever virus, which is about 400 nm in magnitude.
FACT#2 In the Paleobotany Institute of Lacknau, 3.2 billion years old rock contains cyanobacteria fossils.
FACT#3 Bacteriophage was discovered by Twart and Herrill. Viruses or viruses that enter multiplication by entering bacteria are called bacteriophage or bacteriophage.
FACT#4 The protein coat of the virus is “Capsid“.
FACT#5 Bawden and Darlington reported that viruses are made up of nucleoproteins.
FACT#6 Viroids are minor pathogens of the virus. They do not have the same protein core as the virus. These compositions made only of RNA are also called “Metaviruses“.
FACT#7 Cyanobacteria have been considered the first photosynthetic organism.
FACT#8 Single-stranded RNA is found in rabies or hydrophobia viruses.
FACT#9 Double-stranded DNA is found in the small Pox virus.
FACT#10 Do you know that the infectious part of the virus is a nucleic acid?
FACT#11 The first thing to destroy the virus in the form of crystals is Stanley.
FACT#12 Antibiotics are not affected by viruses or viruses, because viruses do not have metabolic functions of their own and they always live in host cells, so the toxic effect of antibiotics is on the host cell itself.
FACT#13 The common cold is caused by “Rhinovirus”.
FACT#14 The full name of the AIDS virus is “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome“. The disease is caused by viruses. The virus that spreads AIDS is known by the following different names:
- Human T lymphotropic Virus III (HLV-III)
- Lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV)
- An AIDS-related retrovirus (ARV)
FACT#15 Numerous bacteriophages are present in the waters of the Ganges river. These destroy pathogenic bacteria present in the polluted waters of the river. Therefore, they keep the water of the river Ganges pure by doing the work of scavengers. Even though the name of the virus starts to remind us of the diseases, yet the use of the virus is also possible in beneficial works such as bacteriophage is used to destroy harmful bacteria. Through this water can be saved from rotting etc.