35 Unknown and Interesting Facts About Kerala
We are sharing with you 35 Unknown and interesting facts about Kerala state. By reading these, you will get to know about Kerala more closely. It is the leading state of India located on the south-western Malabar coast of India. The state of Kerala was formed on 01 November 1956. It borders Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Lakshadweep. The area of Kerala is 38,863 sq km which is only 1.18 percent of the total area of India. Situated between the Western Ghats in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west, the width of this state is from 35 km to 120 km, and a total of 44 rivers flow.
The official languages here are Malayalam and English and the capital is Thiruvananthapuram which was earlier called Trivandrum. Kerala is the 13th largest state in India in terms of population. Kerala is divided into 14 districts. Let us now tell you other important and interesting facts about Kerala.
FACT#1. The population of Kerala is 3,33,87,667. (According to census 2011)
FACT#2. Kerala is a state of India, and its capital is Trivandrum.
FACT#3. The Malayalam language is spoken in Kerala.
FACT#4. Kerala’s people like to wear light Cottons clothes.
FACT#5. There are 44 rivers in Kerala. The largest river here is Bharathapuzha (251 .1 k.m).
FACT#7. Women in the sex ratio are more than men in Kerala. There have 1084 females for every 1000 males. (According to Census 2011)
FACT#8. Kerala has become the first Indian state to achieve 100 percent primary education. The Vice-President, Mohammad Hamid Ansari has officially declared the 100 percent primary education status achieved by Kerala
FACT#9. Kerala is the only state in India where Ayurveda medicines are first used and the highest living rate in India.
FACT#10. The old name of Kerala was Travancore but it was renamed on 1 July 1949.
FACT#11. Nilambur Teak Plantation in Malappuram The teak plantation derives its name from H.V Conolly, the then Collector of British Malabar, who laid the foundation of the plantation in the 1840s.
FACT#12. Kerala is a state where you can see Asian elephants and Kerala’s culture is associated with elephants.
FACT#13. National Highway 47A is the shortest highway in India with a length of only 6 km.
FACT#14. The first plantation of “teak” trees in the world was started by the British. The only Teak Museum in the world is also present here. The world’s largest and longest “teak” tree is also in Kerala.
FACT#15. Kerala has the world’s first public electoral communist government. It was the first state in the world in 1957 to bring to power a communist government through democratic elections rather than revolution.
FACT#17. 90% of the people of Kerala have their own land and they have built their own house.
FACT#18. In the small southern part of India, the size of Kerala is equal to Switzerland. Which is 1% regional share of India and has a 4% population.
FACT#19. Kerala is home to India’s most advanced society. 100% literate, the state has the highest density of science and technology personnel, highest physical quality of life index (PQLI), highest life expectancy, and lowest infant mortality (IMR).
FACT#20. Despite having 100% literacy, it has the highest number of suicide reports.
FACT#21. Kerala’s largest exports include rubber, black pepper, cardamom, ginger, coffee, tea, and cashew nuts.
FACT#22. An estimated 1,50,000 Keralites are working in the Gulf. There are many skilled technicians and medical staff.
FACT#23. Trivandrum (capital of Kerala) Techno Park is the largest and first technopark in India. There are many multinational companies in Trivandrum.
FACT#24. According to the 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala’s population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors.
FACT#25. Kerala is one of the 5 largest Christian population states in India. The Christian community has contributed to all walks of life in Kerala and is the primary reason for educational reform in Kerala and helped it reach 100% literacy.
FACT#26. The Delhi Metro is built by Metro Man Sreedharan who hails from Kerala.
FACT#27. Kerala is also known more for Ayurvedic herbs. Approximately one-fourth of India’s species of 10,000 plants are found in Kerala.
FACT#28. Cochin International Airport (COK) is the first Indian airport to be built from a fund of 10,000 people from 30 different countries.
FACT#29. According to WHO and UNICEF research, Kerala is the first state in the world which is a “child-friendly state” because 95% of children are born here in the hospital.
FACT#30. Kerala underwent a dramatic demographic transition in the last century and has moved towards zero population growth.
FACT#31. According to a survey, Kerala has the highest number of suicide cases.
FACT#32. Kerala is also known for its traditional martial arts techniques.
FACT#33. Kerala has 20 Lok Sabha seats and Kerala has 140 seats in Rajya Sabha.
FACT#34. The elephant is the state animal and Kanikonna is the state flower of the state of Kerala.
FACT#35. The coconut tree is the state tree and the great hornbill is the state bird of the state of Kerala.
History of Kerala
- Kerala has been home to the Mysore dynasty where rulers like Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan fought four consecutive battles against the British.
- The Kerala State was formed on 01 July 1949, which was known earlier as Travancore.
- The state of Kerala was formed on 01 November 1956 under the 1956 Act, including Travancore, Kochi, and Malabar Coast.
- In 1991, Kerala became the first fully educated state in India.
The geographical location of Kerala
- Kerala borders Karnataka in the north and Tamil Nadu in the east.
- Anamudi is the highest peak in Kerala with a height of 2695 meters.
- There are 44 rivers in Kerala, of which 41 flow in the west and 3 in the east.
- Palakkad is the largest district in Kerala by area and the smaller district is Alappuzha.
- Ernakulam is the largest district in Kerala by population and the smaller district in Wayanad.
Culture of Kerala
- Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94 percent) in India.
- Kerala is also the leading state in India in terms of sex ratio (1084).
- The life rate (77 years) is also the highest in Kerala in India.
- Kerala is one of the least corrupt states of India.
- Sabarimala (the temple of Lord Ayyappa) is the most famous pilgrimage center in Kerala.
- Kaladi in Ernakulam district is the birthplace of Shri Shankaracharya.
- The main classical dances of Kerala are Kathakali, Mohiniattam, Theyam, and Thulal.
- The main festivals of Kerala are Onam, Vishu, Christmas, and Aluva Shivaratri.
The economic status of Kerala
- Kochi is the main port of Kerala which is also known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea.
- Tourism Ministry of Kerala has promoted tourism by calling it God’s Own Country.
- The major minerals of Kerala are limonite, kaolin, and limestone.
- The main industries in Kerala are koiar and cashew nut.
- Kerala produces 91 percent of India’s rubber.
- Kerala is the leading state in India in the production of ginger, banana, tea, and coffee.
- Kerala has big spices gardens so it is also called spices garden.
- Apart from this, tea, coffee, rubber, cashew, coconut, betel nut, banana, rice, ginger, black pepper, sugarcane, etc. as well as a variety of vegetables are produced here.
- Flora and Fauna in Kerala (Kerala)
- Until the 18th century, one-third of Kerala was a dense forest, but currently, only one-fourth is a forest.
- According to 2004 figures, 25 percent of India’s 15000 plant species are in Kerala.
- Similarly, in Kerala, there are 118 species of mammals, 500 species of birds, 189 species of fish, 173 species of creeping creatures.