50 Interesting Facts about India Country
There are tremendous or Interesting facts about the geography and people of India. “India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”
Capital – New Delhi (New Delhi)
Total area – 3.3 lakh sq km (2.24 percent of the world and seventh place in the world)
Latitude – 6 ° 44 ‘and 35 ° 30’ North Latitude
Longitude – 68 ° 7 ‘and 97 ° 25’ East Longitude
Official language – Hindi
Total Recognized Languages – 22
Number of ports – 12
First Class Town – 300
Islands strength – 204 in the Bay of Bengal and 43 in the Arabian Sea
States through which the Tropic of Cancer – Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram
Major Lakes – Bular, Chilka, Dal, Sambhar, Didbana, Hussain Sagar, Naini Ko Leru, Pulicat, Vembanad, Lunar, Naki
Total Coast Line – 7,516.6 km
Area covered by forest – 68 million ha
Population – (+) 1210193422
Male – 623.7 million
Female – 586.4 million
Population growth rate – 1.64 percent (during 2001-2011)
Density of population – 370.8 / km2
Sex Ratio – 940
Literacy Rate – 74.04%
Male – 82.14%
Female – 65.46%
State – 29 (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Karnataka, Kerala, Gujarat, Goa, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Nagaland, Punjab, West Bengal, Bihar, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh)
Union Territory – 7 (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep)
Largest State – Rajasthan
Small State – Goa
National Park – 102
Wildlife Sanctuary – 441
Largest city – Mumbai
Calling Code – 91
National Song – Vande Mataram
National anthem – Jana Gana Mana
Highest Point – Mount Godwin Austen, 28,251 feetNational Motto – Satyamev Jayate
Major soil – alluvial, black, red-yellow, laterite, desert, marshy
Currency – Indian Rupee
Time Zone – GMT + 05:30
Male – 65.8 years
Female – 68.1 years
Ethnic groups – Australoid, Mongol, Europaid, Caucasian, and Negroed
National Day – 26 January (Republic Day), 15 August (Independence Day), 2 October (Gandhi Jayanti, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi)
National Animal – Tiger
National Bird – Indian Peacock
National Flower – Lotus
National Aquatic Animal – River Dolphin
National tree – Banyan tree
National River – Ganges
National Heritage Animals – Elephants
National Fruit – Mango
FACT#1. India has not attacked any country before in its ten thousand-year histories, while it is the largest importer of weapons.
FACT#2. India is the only country where M.R.P have written on anything.
FACT#3. Indian Railways is the largest organization in the world in terms of the workforce and employing more than 16 lakh employees, which is more than the population of many countries.
FACT#4. Srikanth Jichkar is the most educated person in India. He had 20 degrees including IAS, IPS, lawyers, doctors, and also became MLA at the age of 25. He died in 2004.
FACT#5. The lotus flower is the national flower of India as well as Vietnam.
FACT#6. More than 10 crore people had come to the Kumbh Mela to be held in India, which is the largest population gathered to date. This crowd was so much that it was also visible from space.
FACT#7. Kodinhi village in Kerala state, India, has more than 200 twins in 2000 households. Nobody knows the reason for this.
FACT#8. Only 1 out of 100 marriages in India get a divorce and this is the lowest in the world.
FACT#9. The Baily Bridge, the world’s highest bridge, is located in Ladakh, India. It had built-in 1982 by the Indian Army on the river Dras and Suru.
FACT#10. India has the lowest meat consumption per person in the world.
FACT#11. Brihadeeswarar Temple in Tanjore, Tamil Nadu is the first such temple in the world which is completely made of granite. It was built in the early 11th century by the Chola ruler ‘Pratham Rajaraja Chola‘. This temple has also been declared a World Heritage by UNESCO.
FACT#12. India has the largest post office in any country in the world. 1,54,882 Post Office.
FACT#13. Chail Cricket Ground is a cricket ground located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. The ground was established in 1893 by Bhupinder Singh Maharaja of Patiala who owned a summer retreat in Chail, At that time the ground was developed. The ground is located at 2444 meters above sea level that make it the highest cricket ground in the world.
FACT#14. Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds and even today, 11 out of every 12 diamonds sold in the world are cut and polished in India.
FACT#15. It is a legal offense for foreigners to take Indian currency out of India.
FACT#16. The world produces 22 thousand tonnes of mint oil, out of which 19 thousand tonnes are produced in India alone.
FACT#17. The largest family living in the world is in Mizoram, India: The family consists of 180 people including 34 wives, 94 children, 14 daughters-in-law, 33 grandchildren.
FACT#18. Polling booths are set up for Mahant Bharatdas Darshan Das, a lonely person, in the Gir forests of Gujarat, India, as per electoral rules, no person can walk away from 2 km to cast votes.
FACT#19. The rainiest place in the world at present is a village called ‘Mawsynram‘ located in Meghalaya, India. This village, 15 km from Cherrapunji, receives an average of 11,872 mm of rainfall every year, due to which it is also the wettest place on earth. But according to the Guinness Book of World Records, the highest rainfall to date in any one year has been recorded in Cherrapunji, Meghalaya itself. It received 26,467 mm rainfall in 1861.
FACT#20. India has won all six Kabaddi World Cups so far.
FACT#21. Switzerland has declared May 26 as Science Day in honor of visiting former President, Late Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.
FACT#22. India’s first rocket was so small and light that it was carried on a bicycle to the Thumba launching station in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
FACT#23. India has the largest postal network, where there are 1,55,015 post offices. A single post office is ready to help with about 7,175 people. The post office of Dal Lake in Srinagar is also included in such a post office of the country. It is a floating post office and started in the year 2011.
FACT#24. The Bandra-Worli marine joint has steel equal to the diameter of the earth. It took 2,57,00,000 man-hours to build this bridge and its total weight is equal to 50,000 African elephants. It is a unique piece of human art.
FACT#25. You may have been a little surprised to know this fact because earlier people believed in washing hair from clay, but the word shampoo derives from the Sanskrit language Champu. Champu refers to massage.
FACT#26. This is the matter of September 2009. The satellite named Chandrayaan of India first discovered water on the surface of the moon with the help of the moon’s mineralogy mapper.
FACT#27. Elephants are also religiously recognized in India. Here people see him with great respect. There are many places in Kerala where elephants are a bath with people.
FACT#28. India has the second-highest number of English speakers in the world. Now call it the influence of the British or better jobs available on speaking English, but in the case of English speakers, India comes second after America.
FACT#29. When many cultures were nomadic forest dwellers 5000 years ago, Indians established the Harappan culture in the Indus Valley Civilization.
FACT#30. The name ‘India’ in English is derived from the river Indus, around which the early civilizations lived in the valley. The Aryan worshippers have termed this Indus River as Sindhu.
FACT#31. The invaders from Iran used the Sindhu as a Hindu. The name ‘Hindustan’ is a combination of the Indus river and Hinduism used to refer to the land of Hindus. Chess was discovered in India.
FACT#32. The study of mathematics, trigonometry, and calculus started in India itself. The ‘place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in India in 100 BC.
FACT#33. India is the largest democracy and the seventh-largest country in the world and also one of the ancient civilizations.
FACT#34. The game of snake ladder was created by poet-saint Gyandev in the thirteenth century, it was originally called Mokshapat. In this game, the staircase represented boons while snakes represented demerits. The game was played with caudals and dice. Later, many changes were made in this game, but its meaning remained the same, meaning that good deeds lead people to heaven, while bad deeds put them in the cycle of birth again.
FACT#35. The first university in the world was established at Taxila in 700 BC. In this, more than 10,500 students from more than 60 subjects came from all over the world to study. Nalanda University was established in the fourth century, which is one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
FACT#36. Ayurveda is the earliest medical branch known to mankind. Charaka considered the father of Ayurveda science, consolidated 2500 years ago.
FACT#37. India was the richest country until British rule in the early 17th century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by the wealth of India, went searching for a sea route to India and accidentally discovered America.
FACT#38. The art of shipping was born 6000 years ago in the Sindhu River. The first navigational culture in the world originated at a new pace. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word “nou“.
FACT#39. Bhaskaracharya calculated the exact time taken by the Earth to circle around the Sun several hundred years before astronomy. According to their calculations, the Earth takes 365.258756484 days to orbit the Sun.
FACT#40. The value of ‘pie’ was known by the Indian mathematician Budhayana and the concept that he explained gives him the Pythagoras theorem. He discovered it in the sixth century, long before European mathematicians.
FACT#41. The quadratic equation had used by Sri Dharacharya in the 11th century. The largest number used by the Greeks and Romans was 106 while the Hindus used specific names with numbers as large as 10 * 53 (ie 10 to 53), during 5000 B.C. The largest number still used today is Terra: 10 * 12 (10 to the power of 12).
FACT#42. Sushruta is considered the father of surgery. About 2600 years ago, Sushruta and his colleagues performed cataracts, prostheses, prostate labor, fracture, bladder stones, plastic surgery, and brain surgery.
FACT#43. The use of anesthesia was well known in Indian ancient medical science. The disciplines of physiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics, and immunology had also found in ancient Indian texts.
FACT#44. The software is exported from India to 90 countries.
There were 4 religions born in India – Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, and Sikh religions and which comprise 25 percent of the world’s population.
FACT#45. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 BC and 500 BC respectively.
FACT#46. Islam is the second-largest religion in India and also in the world.
FACT#47. There are 300,000 mosques in India which are more than any other country, even more than Muslim countries.
FACT#48. The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin and build in 1503 and 1568 respectively.
FACT#49. Jews and Christians have lived in India since 200 BC and 52 AD respectively.
FACT#50. The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat. this is the Hindu temple that had built in Cambodia during the 11th century and built-in Tirupati city.