35 Interesting Facts About Bihar State
Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the third-largest state by population and the twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. Bihar is also the world’s third-most populous sub-national entity. We are sharing with you 35 Unknown and interesting facts about Bihar state. By reading these, you will get to know Kerala more closely.
FACT#1. Bihar is a rich centre of an ancient civilization of India, this state has been related to Chandragupta Maurya and Emperor Ashoka.
FACT#2. There were 19 thousand Buddhist viharas in Magadha at the time of Emperor Ashoka. For this reason, it is called Bihar.
FACT#3. There are many places related to Lord Mahavira and Buddha.
FACT#4. In the 12th century, along with Muhammad bin Khilji’s invasion, Nalanda and Taxila were destroyed and thousands of Buddhist monks were killed.
FACT#5. The tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, Govind Singh was born in Patna, Bihar.
FACT#6. Vardhman Mahaveer, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in Kundalpur village in the Patna district.
FACT#7. The capital of the mighty Magadha Empire of ancient India was Pataliputra (Patna).
FACT#8. Sher Shah Suri established the city of Patna on the ancient land of Pataliputra.
FACT#9. On 12 December 19 11, the provision of United Bihar and Orissa was changed and Bihar was made a separate state in 1936.
FACT#10. The present form of Bihar came into existence on 01 November 1956.
FACT#11. Jharkhand was made a separate province in 2000.
FACT#12. If Bihar is compared with Andhra Pradesh and Kerala at the combined level, then the graduation percentage in Bihar is higher than in these two states.
FACT#13. The oldest Hindu temple in the country, ‘Mundeshwari’ is in Bihar itself.
FACT#14. Here is the most attractive idea of history for the good of mankind. Gautama Buddha and Lord Mahavira developed the concept of non-violence 2600 years ago. Bihar is also the birthplace of Jainism and Buddhism.
FACT#15. The word Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali words ‘Vihara’, which means residence.
FACT#16. Bihar is the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. Harmandir Takht, the holy place of Sikhs, is in Patna.
FACT#17. Magadha, Vaishali, Mithila / Videha, Anga, Sakipradesh, Vijji, Janaka, etc. were important states of that time.
FACT#18. Bihar was a centre of education, culture, and power in ancient times. Nalanda University, once attracting students from all over the world, is in Patna.
FACT#19. Once upon a time, the Nalanda library used to be the centre of attraction for people all over the world. However, this library was burnt by Bakhtiyar Khilji’s army. Bakhtiar was the Ottoman Afghan military general of Qutb al-Din Aibak. This library was so large that it took 3 months to burn completely and nine lakh manuscripts were destroyed in it.
FACT#20. The largest Wi-Fi range in the world has been established up to 20 kilometres in Bihar. It is in the capital of Patna.
FACT#21. Bihar has a lot of tourists. The tomb of Sher Shah Suri and Maner Sharif is in Bihar itself. Here you will see the finest specimen of Mughal architecture, as well as the Bodhi tree, under which Gautama Buddha was made to do penance.
FACT#22. Bihar Day is celebrated on 22 March.
FACT#23. The “Super 30” coaching centre in Bihar was included in the list of best organizations by Time magazine of America.
FACT#24. It was in Bihar itself that Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the country, was born.
FACT#25. Bihar is a state which played an important role in the “Quit India Movement” during the time of independence.
FACT#26. Languages of Angina, Hindi, English, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili, and Vajijaka are spoken in Bihar.
FACT#27. Mithila’s painting of Bihar is famous not only in the country but in the whole world.
FACT#28. One of the three major sites of Buddhism is Buddhist Gaya, which is in the city of Gaya in Bihar. It was here that Lord Buddha attained enlightenment.
FACT#29. The animal fair at Sonpur in Bihar has been happening since ancient times.
FACT#30. The state animal of Bihar is the bull, the state tree is the peepal state bird sparrow, and the state food is “Litti Chokha”.
FACT#31. The oldest universities in the world, Nalanda University, and Taxila University also remained in Bihar, where people from abroad used to come first. Today Bihar is the least read written state.
FACT#32. India’s second most beautiful railway station is in the Madhubani district of Bihar, where beautiful paintings have been made on 7000 hectares of land.
FACT#33. Bihar’s Munger district has the world’s largest Yoga University.
FACT#34. Bihar is the largest tobacco-consuming state in India.
FACT#35. Aryabhatta who gave zero numbers to the world, the nine planets theory, and trigonometric rules were from Bihar.