50 Interesting Facts About Punjab State
Punjab is a state in northern India that is known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and delicious cuisine. The state is home to a diverse population that includes Punjabis, Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims, among others. Punjab has a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years, and there are many interesting facts about the state that are worth exploring. One of the most interesting facts about Punjab is that it is the birthplace of Sikhism, one of the world’s youngest religions. The religion was founded by Guru Nanak Dev, who was born in the city of Nankana Sahib in Punjab. Today, Punjab is home to many important Sikh sites, including the Golden Temple in Amritsar, which is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the state.
FACT#1. Punjab is a state located in the northern region of India.
FACT#2. The word ‘Punjab’ is derived from two Persian words, ‘panj’ meaning five and ‘ab’ meaning water.
FACT#3. Punjab is known as the ‘land of five rivers’ – Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum.
FACT#4. The state capital of Punjab is Chandigarh.
FACT#5. The official language of Punjab is Punjabi.
FACT#6. Punjab is the only state in India with a Sikh majority population.
FACT#7. The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, is located in Amritsar, Punjab.
FACT#8. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, in which hundreds of unarmed Indian civilians were killed by British troops, took place in Amritsar in 1919.
FACT#9. Punjab is home to some of the best universities in India, including Panjab University and Guru Nanak Dev University.
FACT#10. Punjab is also known for its vibrant music and dance culture, including the famous bhangra dance.
FACT#11. The state is home to several historical forts and palaces, such as the Qila Mubarak in Patiala and the Sheesh Mahal in Amritsar.
FACT#12. Punjab is also a major producer of fruits and vegetables, including oranges, kinnows, and guavas.
FACT#13. The state is known for its rich cuisine, including dishes such as makki di roti and sarson da saag, chole bhature, and paneer tikka.
FACT#14. The Punjab Cricket Association Stadium in Mohali is a popular venue for cricket matches.
FACT#15. The state has several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including the Harike Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary and the Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary.
FACT#16. The state animal of Punjab is the blackbuck, while the state bird is the Indian francolin.
FACT#17. Punjab is home to several festivals and fairs throughout the year, including Lohri, Baisakhi, and Diwali.
FACT#18. The state has a rich history of Sikhism and is home to several important Sikh shrines, such as the Anandpur Sahib and the Takht Sri Patna Sahib.
FACT#19. Punjab is also known for its textiles and handloom industry, particularly the production of phulkari embroidery and Punjabi jutti shoes.
FACT#20. The Partition of India in 1947 led to significant migration and displacement, with many Punjabis relocating to either India or Pakistan.
FACT#21. Punjab shares its borders with Pakistan to the west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, and Haryana and Rajasthan to the south.
FACT#22. The state has a well-connected network of roads, railways, and airports, including the international airport in Amritsar.
FACT#23. The state government is headed by the Chief Minister, currently Charanjit Singh Channi.
FACT#24. Punjab has a high literacy rate of over 76%, with a strong emphasis on education.
FACT#25. The state is home to several notable personalities, including cricketer Harbhajan Singh, actor Diljit Dosanjh, and author Khushwant Singh.
FACT#26. Punjab is known for its traditional folk music, including the famous Punjabi ‘boliyan’.
FACT#27. The state has a rich history of literature, with notable Punjabi writers such as Amrita Pritam and Surjit Patar.
FACT#28. The Punjab Police is one of the oldest police forces in India, established in 1861.
FACT#29. Punjab is known for its agriculture, particularly the production of wheat and rice.
FACT#30. The state has several historic gurdwaras, including the Gurdwara Sri Tarn Taran Sahib, Gurdwara Sri Guru Ram Das Ji in Amritsar, and Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib in Anandpur Sahib.
FACT#31. Punjab is also known for its sports, particularly field hockey, with several notable players representing India at the international level.
FACT#32. The state has a rich tradition of handicrafts, including the production of hand-carved wooden furniture and pottery.
FACT#33. The Phulkari Museum in Patiala showcases the traditional embroidery work of Punjab.
FACT#34. Punjab is home to several popular tourist destinations, including the Wagah Border, the Partition Museum in Amritsar, and the Rock Garden in Chandigarh.
FACT#35. The state has a rich history of folk tales and legends, including the famous story of Heer-Ranjha.
FACT#36. Punjab is also known for its traditional wrestling, known as ‘kushti’.
FACT#37. The state has a strong network of co-operative societies, particularly in the agricultural sector.
FACT#38. The Punjabi film industry, also known as Pollywood, produces several movies each year and has gained popularity in recent years.
FACT#39. Punjab is known for its colorful festivals, including the Hola Mohalla festival celebrated in Anandpur Sahib.
FACT#40. The state has several important historical sites, including the Qila Mubarak in Bathinda and the Ram Bagh Palace in Amritsar.
FACT#41. The Punjab Agricultural University in Ludhiana is a leading agricultural research institution in India.
FACT#42. The state has a well-developed industrial sector, particularly in the production of textiles, bicycles, and hosiery.
FACT#43. The state has a unique blend of modern and traditional architecture, with several notable buildings designed by renowned architects such as Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret.
FACT#44. The state has a strong tradition of hospitality, with Punjabi cuisine and culture being known for their warmth and welcoming nature.
FACT#45. Punjab has a rich history of art, with several notable artists hailing from the state, including Sobha Singh and Amrita Sher-Gil.
FACT#46. The state has several famous landmarks, including the Fateh Burj, the tallest tower in India, located in Chappar Chiri.
FACT#47. The state has a strong tradition of community service, with several non-governmental organizations and volunteer groups working towards social welfare.
FACT#48. The state is known for its colorful festivals and celebrations, including the annual Basant Panchami festival and the Teej festival.
FACT#49. Punjab is a vibrant and diverse state, known for its rich cultural heritage, strong agricultural industry, and warm and welcoming people.
FACT#50. Punjab is known for its traditional folk dances, including the giddha and the jhumar.